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Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr. Papers Edit

Summary

Identifier
MS 0006

Dates

  • 1913 – 1990 (Creation)

Extents

  • 6 cubic feet (Whole)

Notes

  • Scope and Contents

    The Lemuel C. Shepherd Papers consist primarily of unpublished memoirs and accompanying documents; photograph albums and scrapbooks dating from Shepherd's years as a VMI cadet, as Commandant of the Marine Corps, and from his service as President of the Inter-American Defense Board; an interview with General Shepherd conducted by the archivist of the MacArthur Library regarding Shepherd's role during the Korean War - assault at Inchon; miscellaneous correspondence; clippings; and printed material. The unpublished memoirs include detailed information about Shepherd's early USMC career and his participation in World War I. They include copies of his World War I diary and personal correspondence.

  • Biographical / Historical

    Lemuel C. Shepherd Jr. (1896 – 1990), United States Marine Corps four-star general, saw distinguished service in World War I, World War II, and the Korean War. He was appointed the 20th Commandant of the Marine Corps in 1952.

    1896 February 10

    Born in Norfolk, Virginia.

    1917 May

    Graduated from the Virginia Military Institute. Shepherd, along with many other classmates, were declared graduates a month early, having been called into active duty.

    1917-1919

    Served with the 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines, American Expeditionary Forces, France.

    1920-1922

    Aide to the Commandant of the Marines Corps; junior White House aide.

    1922

    Married Virginia Tunstall Driver. They had four children.

    1922-1925

    Served on U. S. Ships, Idaho and Nevada

    1927-1929

    Served with the 4th Marines in China.

    1937-1939

    Commander, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Brigade, Fleet Marine Force.

    1939-1942

    Staff member, Marine Corps School.

    1942-1943

    Regimental Commander, 9th Marines, 3rd Marine Division.

    1943-1944

    Assistant Division Commander, 1st Marine Division.

    1944-1945

    Commanding General, 6th Marine Division.

    1946-1948

    Assistant Commandant and Chief of Staff, Marine Corps.

    1948-1950

    Commandant, U. S. Marine Corps Schools.

    1950-1951

    Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific.

    1952-1956

    Commandant, USMC

    1956 January 1

    Retired from Marine Corps.

    1956 March

    Recalled to active duty

    Chairman, Inter-American Defense Board, 1956-1959

    1959 October

    Retired from active duty for second time

    1990 August 6

    Died at his home in La Jolla, California. Buried Arlington National Cemetery.

  • Online Access

  • Conditions Governing Access

    There are no restrictions.

  • Conditions Governing Use

    Manuscript collections in the VMI Archives are made available for educational and research use. The VMI Archives should be cited as the source. The user assumes all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any copyright holders. Materials from our collections may not be redistributed, published or reproduced without permission from the VMI Archives. Contact the VMI Archives for additional information.

  • Preferred Citation

    Lemuel C. Shepherd Papers, MS 0006, Virginia Military Institute Archives.

  • Related Materials

    Other repositories holding papers relating to General Shepherd include the United States Marine Corps History Division (Quantico, Virginia).

  • Existence and Location of Originals

    The memoirs and addenda were copied from originals that are no longer extant, according to family sources. The Shepherd family believes that the originals once held by Gen. Shepherd were lost following his death.

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