Stonewall Jackson Papers
The collection consists primarily of the personal papers of Civil War General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (b. 1824 d. 1863). The bulk of the letters date from the pre-Civil War period and concern professional, personal and domestic matters, including many in which Jackson writes about his religious faith, his concerns about health and diet, and his family. The collection provides insight into Jackson's personality and philosophy, and presents a portrait of the man as he was in the years before he gained national fame as a wartime military leader. A small percentage of the documents date from the Civil War period and are directly related to Jackson's Confederate Army service.
The collection includes ca. 160 items of Jackson's outgoing correspondence, 1844-1863, spanning his cadetship at West Point; his service in the United States Army (1846-1851) including his participation in the Mexican War; his years as a faculty member at the Virginia Military Institute (1851-1861); and his career in the Confederate States Army. The bulk of the correspondence is addressed to his sister, Laura Ann (Jackson) Arnold. Other correspondents include Margaret Junkin Preston, and CSA Generals Joseph E. Johnston and Daniel Harvey Hill. Other series include miscellaneous incoming correspondence; miscellaneous Civil War reports, orders and dispatches; and documents associated with Jackson.
In addition to Jackson's personal papers, the collection contains the allied papers of Jackson's second wife, Mary Anna (Morrison) Jackson (ca. 143 items); his daughter Julia Jackson Christian (ca. 10 items); and his sister Laura Ann Jackson Arnold (ca. 115 items).
- Jackson, Stonewall, 1824-1863 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Researchers are required to use photocopies or online versions of the Stonewall Jackson documents.
Manuscript collections in the VMI Archives are made available for educational and research use. The VMI Archives should be cited as the source. The user assumes all responsibility for identifying and satisfying any copyright holders. Materials from our collections may not be redistributed, published or reproduced without permission from the VMI Archives. Contact the VMI Archives for additional information
3 Linear Feet
Biographical / Historical
Thomas Jonathan Jackson was born in western Virginia (now West Virginia) to Julia Neale Jackson and Jonathan Jackson on January 21, 1824. Thomas was orphaned at a young age; he was raised by extended members of his father’s family, mainly his uncle, Cummins Jackson.
Jackson graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in June 1846 and subsequently served in the U.S. Army, during which time he fought in the Mexican War. Jackson resigned his commission in 1851, after he was appointed Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy at the Virginia Military Institute. He moved to Lexington, Virginia and settled into life as a civilian
In April 1861, Jackson rode off to war. Following the first Battle of Manassas, he became widely known by the nickname "Stonewall" and earned lasting fame for his leadership of Confederate forces, especially during the Valley Campaign of 1862. "Stonewall" Jackson died on May 10, 1863, as a result of complications from wounds received at Chancellorsville along with pneumonia. His body was brought back to Lexington for burial in the cemetery on the south edge of town.
- Chancellorsville (Va.), Battle of, 1863
- Christian, Julia Jackson
- Generals -- Confederate States of America
- Mexican War, 1846-1848
- United States -- Army -- History -- Mexican War, 1846-1848
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- Virginia -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- Virginia Military Institute -- Academics -- History -- 19th century
- Virginia Military Institute -- Faculty -- 19th century
- Virginia Military Institute -- History -- 19th century
- Women -- Confederate States of America
- Jackson, Stonewall, 1824-1863 (Person)
- Jackson, Mary Anna, 1831-1915 (Person)
- Hill, Daniel Harvey, 1821-1899 (Person)
- Preston, Margaret Junkin, 1820-1897 (Person)
- Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891 (Person)
- A Guide to the Stonewall Jackson Papers 1844-1915
- © 2001 VirginiaMilitary Institute
- Language of description
- Description is inEnglish
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Part of the Virginia Military Institute Archives Repository
Lexington VA 24450